There are indeed “concrete measurable actions” we can take to actively change the lives of others. Interpreters are recruited through language competitive examinations (LCEs) in their main language. In 1946, the first session of the United Nations General Assembly adopted rules of procedure concerning languages that purported to apply to "all the organs of the United Nations, other than the International Court of Justice", setting out five official languages and two working languages (English and French). [50], The first such coordinator was Federico Riesco of Chile, appointed on 6 September 2000. During my time as a volunteer, I assisted in building a school, and helped to teach Thai and English to these children. [43] The media branch of the UN, UN News, already includes translations into Portuguese. United Nations language staff come from all over the globe and make up a uniquely diverse and multilingual community. Norwegians. [4], The United Nations has drawn criticism for relying too heavily on English, and not enough on the other five official languages. This was backed by a resolution adopted unanimously by the assembly of the Indian state of West Bengal in December, and support was also given by the states of Assam and Tripura. One of the most important battles of the Korean War was the Battle of the Pusan Perimeter, in which United Nations forces held out for six weeks on the southeastern tip of the peninsula. United Nations Parallel Corpus Introduction. One World - Nations Online .:. [citation needed], Spoken by more than 280 million people,[37] Malay is considered the 7th most commonly spoken language by Ethnologue 2017. Approximately 1 million Korean immigrants—the vast majority from South Korea—resided in the United States in 2017. [citation needed]. [6] In 2008 and 2009, resolutions of the General Assembly have urged the Secretariat to respect the parity of the six official languages, especially in the dissemination of public information.[7][8]. Generally, the texts in each of the six languages are equally authoritative. As part of the whole Cold War scenario, the Korean War was a complicated issue with which the United Nations had to successfully deal with or lose credibility just five years after it … Understanding the language provides me the opportunity to enrich my life both at the workplace and outside the office. The most prominent of these link Korean to the Altaic languages of central Asia, a family that includes Turkish, Mongolian, and the Tungusic (for example, Manchu) languages of Siberia. [12], The following year, the second session of the General Assembly adopted permanent rules of procedure, Resolution 173 (II). My duty station is located in the newly-developed city called Songdo in Incheon. Standard Arabic is usually adopted across Muslim nation groups. [13], Meanwhile, a proposal had been in the works to add Spanish as a third working language in addition to English and French. Swahili, known as Kiswahili by its speakers, is an official language of Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo,[45] is an official language of the African Union and is officially recognised as a lingua franca of the East African Community. The bridge connects Songdo city mainland with the Yeongjong Island, where Incheon International Airport is located. Master’s Degree in Business Administration, KDI School of Public Policy and Management, Seoul, Republic of Korea Why We Serve honors the generations of Native Americans who have served in the armed forces of the [35], Malay is an Austronesian language spoken throughout the Malay Peninsula and large swaths of Southeast Asia. Chapter 6 of the Charter provides for the pacific settlement of disputes, through the intervention of the Security Council, by means such as negotiation, mediation, arbitration, and judicial decisions. The United Nations Action for Cooperation against Trafficking in Persons says Vietnamese women are trafficked to a number of countries, including South Korea, for "forced marriages." These languages are used at meetings of various UN organs, particularly the General Assembly (Article 51 of its Rules of Procedure), the Economic and Social Council and the Security Council (Article 41 of its Rules of Procedure). A collection of primary source documents related to the Korean War. The part of those rules relating to language closely followed the 1946 rules, except that the 1947 rules did not purport to apply to other UN organs, just the General Assembly. They are also vulnerable to injustices such as child labor and child prostitution. Although very similar verbally, they do have different written scripts; Hindi is written in the Devanagari script and Urdu is written in the Nastaʿlīq script. When you work in the development sector, it is exciting to witness first-hand the development of your own community. Settled, literate societies on the Korean peninsula appear in Chinese records as early as the fourth century BCE. Having Malay as an official language of the UN would expand its presence into Asia which is growing rapidly. [42] This followed a decision by Portugal's legislators to adopt a standardization of Portuguese spelling. OHCHR bears no responsibility for the quality and accuracy of the non-official United Nations language versions. The mission of our Centre is to strengthen the efforts of the Asian and Pacific countries to use information and communication technology (ICT) in their socio-economic development through human and institutional capacity building. Regional groups have adopted what is common to other elements of their ethnic or religious background. As of 2006, the six official languages are the first or second language of 2.8 billion people on the planet, which is less than half of the world population. Also make sure to explore the various photo galleries relating to the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), Chinese National Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (CNRRA), United Nations Korean Reconstruction Agency (UNKRA), the architecture of the Secretariat Building, and other subjects via our Flickr page. the Korean Language submitted by south Korea to the Fifth United Nations Conference on the Standardization of the Geographical Names in 1987 and the Romanized Transcription of the Korean Language made public by its Ministry of Culture and Tourism in August 2000, submits to the 10th Conference, the following revised rules Indigenous languages matter for social, economic and political development, peaceful coexistence and reconciliation in our societies. Although classified as a language isolate, many theories have been proposed to explain the origin of Korean. [21], In the Economic and Social Council, as of 1992, there were six official languages (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish) of which three were working languages (English, French, and Spanish). Printable United Nations Stamps Album pages. Hindi has more than 550 million speakers in India alone, of whom 422 million are native, 98.2 million are second language speakers, and 31.2 million are third language speakers. United Nations - United Nations - Functions: The main function of the United Nations is to preserve international peace and security. Gradually, competing groups and kingdoms on the peninsula merged into a common national identity. The United Nations Secretariat uses two working languages: English and French. Malay is an official language of Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia (which is the 4th most populous nation in the world),[36] Singapore, Christmas Island, and the Cocos Islands, as well as being a recognized minority language in Thailand, where is it spoken in the Narathiwat, Yala, and Pattani regions, as well as the Philippines, where it is spoken in the Zamboanga Peninsula, the Sulu Archipelago, and Bataraza and Balabac in Palawan. Each representative of a country may speak in any one of these six languages or may speak in any language and provide interpretation into one of the six official languages. The United Nations and Clobal Crisis Management, Seoul: Korean Academic Council on the United Nations System, 2004, pp. When it was founded, the UN had 51 Member States; there are now 193. Korea consists of the Korean Peninsula, Jeju Island, and several minor islands near the peninsula.It is bordered by China to the northwest and Russia to the northeast. The official languages of the United Nations are the six languages that are used in UN meetings and in which all official UN documents are written. At the same time, the GA requested the Security Council to include Arabic among its official and working languages, and the Economic and Social Council to include Arabic among its official languages, by 1 January 1983. The UN provides simultaneous interpretation from the official language into the other five official languages, via the United Nations Interpretation Service. OHCHR would appreciate receiving any feedback in this sense by competent agencies. Master’s Degree in Business Administration, KDI School of Public Policy and Management, Seoul, Republic of Korea, Copyright 2020 United Nations. Languages of the World and where they are spoken, a list of Language Names in English and French with ISO 639-2 Alpha-3 as well as some of the Alpha-2 language identification codes. On 8 June 2007,[9] resolutions concerning human resources management at the UN, the General Assembly had emphasized "the paramount importance of the equality of the six official languages of the United Nations" and requested that the Secretary-General "ensure that vacancy announcements specified the need for either of the working languages of the Secretariat, unless the functions of the post required a specific working language". ", "Hindi at UN: India to take action to get official status", "Government working actively for Hindi as official language of UN: S M Krishna", "Hindi should be an official language in the UN: Nepal Vice President", http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats7.htm, "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", "Tony Correia-Afonso: Portuguese Language in Goa", "Lusophone bloc mobilises to make Portuguese a UN language", "Portugal's lawmakers accept Brazilian version of language", https://news.un.org/en/story/2009/12/324362-top-un-official-stresses-need-internet-multilingualism-bridge-digital-divide, http://www.eac.int/treaty/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=206&Itemid=331, "Turkish emerges as candidate for official UN language", Multilingualism: Report of the Secretary-General, "Secretary-General Appoints Assistant Secretary-General Federico Riesco Coordinator for Multilingualism", "Secretary-General Appoints Under-Secretary-General Shashi Tharoor Coordinator for Multilingualism", "Secretary-General Appoints Under-Secretary-General Catherine Pollard of Guyana Coordinator for Multilingualism", "United Nations Information Centres Launch Redesigned Website Telling Organization's Story in 130 Languages", "Secretary-General Appoints Under-Secretary Kiyo Akasaka as Coordinator for Multilingualism", "Department of Public Information to Launch 'Language Days at the United Nations, "First-ever French language day celebrated at UN", "United Nations Observances – Multilingualism", "UN Celebrates First Chinese Language Day", "UN celebrates Chinese Language Day with art and exhibitions", "English Language Day at the United Nations, 23 April 2011", "L'ONU célèbre la Journée de la langue française", "Spanish Language Day to be celebrated at HQ on Tuesday, 12 October 2010", "Día del Idioma Español en las Naciones Unidas", "Rules of Procedure of the General Conference", "Rules of Procedure of the Governing Council", "Rules of Procedure of the Executive Board", 2017 Report of the Secretary-General on Multilingualism, Multilingualism at the United Nations : Research Guide, Top UN official stresses need for Internet multilingualism to bridge digital divide, Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice, Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (the Mandela Rules), Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, UN Advisory Committee of Local Authorities, Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, World Federation of United Nations Associations, United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Official_languages_of_the_United_Nations&oldid=994529743, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Articles needing additional references from January 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 05:09. [44], Swahili is a lingua franca throughout eastern Africa and is especially prevalent in the African Great Lakes region. [39], Portuguese is the sixth most spoken language in the world. While there are no proposals before the General Assembly to add another official language,[25] various individuals and states have informally raised the possibility of adding a new official language. Parallels with other multilingual institutions, Mikael Parkvall, "Världens 100 största språk 2007" (The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007), in, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Community of Portuguese Language Countries, Journée internationale de la Francophonie, list of international organisations which have French as an official language, List of official languages by institution, List of languages by number of native speakers, League of Nations – Languages and Symbols, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant#Warning messages for future humans, "Universal Declaration of Human Rights: translation into Chinese", "Adopting Resolution on Multilingualism, General Assembly Emphasises Importance of Equality Among Six Official United Nations Languages", "Preparation of Multilingual Treaties: Memorandum by the Secretariat", "Russian to be included as UN working language", Provisional Rules of Procedure of the Security Council, Rules of Procedure of the Economic and Social Council, "Top UN official stresses need for Internet multilingualism to bridge digital divide", "Department for General Assembly and Conference Management: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)", "Census of India: Comparative speaker's strength of Scheduled Languages-1971, 1981, 1991 and 2001", "Indiaspeak: English is our 2nd language – Times of India", "Hindi. 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