They are still fighting with dogged persistence and unbroken discipline.” / 16. Italy - Italy - World War II: Only in June 1940, when France was about to fall and World War II seemed virtually over, did Italy join the war on Germany’s side, still hoping for territorial spoils. The entire Polish defensive plan was based around this. Returning the Battle of the Bzura, it was largely German air superiority that allowed them to win by destroying the necessary bridges and the Polish anti-aircraft batteries running out of ammunition. German defensive strategy of their country, and neighbouring occupied countries, against strategic bombing was conducted by the Defence of the Reich.. Proganda posters were meant to raise morale while urging Britons to … Generally speaking, German morale is passing through a much more critical stage than in any previous winter of the war. Paisan (1946) Not Rated | 120 min | Drama, War . 4 Gerd von Rundstedt . 23rd February 1943: British intelligence analyses German morale. After years of struggle, the costly failure was the last straw. They do NOT include the new tokens for the Pacific expansion. Germany - Germany - World War I: During the first days of World War I, many Germans experienced a sense of bonding that had eluded them since the founding of the empire. Considerable sections of the propertied classes, especially bankers, heavy industrialists and Junkers, appear already to regard defeat as probable, and are obviously anxious to reinsure with the Western Powers. Generally speaking, German morale is passing through a much more critical stage than in any previous winter of the war. I am a 48 year old German, born in 1968 and raised in the southern part of the free state of Bavaria. During active American involvement in World War II (1941–45), propaganda was used to increase support for the war and commitment to an Allied victory. The Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Tenth Armies were thrown into a disastrous assault at the Chemin des Dames. Please acquaint yourself with the rules of this subreddit, and refrain from posting in this manner again. Overall, the key to German success in 1939 and 1940 was the superiority of the Luftwaffe, not the Heer (army). How the Treaty of Versailles and German Guilt Led to World War II. A list of strategic bombing over Germany in World War II includes all cities and towns in Germany attacked by RAF Bomber Command and the Eighth Air Force.. History Defence of Germany. But casualty figures show the Blitzkrieg, a combination of rapid armored advance supported by air and followed with infantry support, was the one trick pony of the Wehrmacht. By first half I'm going to presume 1940 + Barbarossa. 7. 8. He had a two hour conversation with the commander, SS Colonel Peiper, and was shocked that the man genuinely believed that Germany could defeat the Allies (even at the final stage of the war). I did a paper a while back about the Afrika Korps and it seemed to me from my research that Rommel lost in North Africa in part because he lacked the amount of support from the Luftwaffe he had requested - and that the German air forces were spread thin because of their three fronts with notably the bombing of England, and support both in Africa and in the East. 0. One of the most sensible things Eisenhower ever did after Germany surrendered was to stop the mad warmongers from treating Germans as subhuman and start the whole cycle all over again. Rate. Published three or more times a day. Once the allies understood how to counter this, independently operating tank divisions combined with air support and distribution of anti-tank weapons like the bazooka, the Wehrmacht performed no better than expected of a good army. Differences of class, religion, and politics seemed to disappear as Germans flocked to their city centres to show their enthusiastic support for the impending conflict. This tendency is only incipient, and certainly does not betoken the imminence of any popular revolt. To extract KIA you have to subtract the allied prisoner totals from the missing which only works if the allies provided prisoner totals at the same time as the Germans released casualty totals. By such means they appear hitherto to have secured general acceptance of the sacrifices required for the successful prosecution of a long and bitter defensive war. But, unless the Russian advance can be checked on some new defensive line in Russia, public unrest is likely to grow. Were they really that strong or did the Battle of Britain just break them? This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The Battle of Stalingrad was not only a battle of weapons and skills, but also a battle of morality, and Soviet soldiers won in it. I've only skimmed the surface, but the myth of the unstoppable German army of the early war, is just that, a myth. The German soldiers of World War II have often been portrayed, both during the war and in the decades since, as simple-minded, unimaginative and brutish. As the swarming German jet bombers prepare to return to base a wave of outdated 47 British Hurricane II fighter aircraft proceed to inflict damage on the retreating Ar-234's, which is a futile act. The only reason they capitulated was for humanitarian reasons and the civilian population. In Russia, the 1941 Soviet army lacked effective leadership on all levels, from the purged staff officers up to Stalin's strategic blunders. 10. tended to downplay their impact and the number of deaths. Throughout World War II, Poland was a member of the Allied coalition that fought Nazi Germany.During the German occupation of Poland, some citizens of all its major ethnic groups collaborated with the Germans.Estimates of the number of collaborators vary. Several attempts by the Germans to capture necessary bridges intact were also major failures. Finally, in the case of Poland, the Soviet invasion was a total surprise and a complete violation of their treaties. The majority of its 15,000 inhabitants had departed when the war arrived at its gates in 1914, and its roads had been at this moment filled with military, however, this had been not new for a town which had always been a garrison city. It is really difficult to get exact numbers for German casualties killed in action. Item #: VF4953 Price: $75.00 WWII Nazi German … A quarter-ton World War II bomb was discovered in the Kreuzberg district of Berlin. “The army sustained its initial success thanks to high levels of training, cohesion and morale among its troops, and thanks also to excellent coordination with the Luftwaffe [air force] … Much has been made of the German soldier’s qualitative superiority in the [June-July 1944] Normandy campaign, and there is indeed much to be said in this. German propaganda has found it necessary to combat the idea that an arrangement with Soviet Russia is possible. Your email address will not be published. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts, Moderator | Post-Napoleonic Warfare & Small Arms | Dueling, Please acquaint yourself with the rules of this subreddit. Answers must be in-depth and comprehensive, or they will be removed. Please read the rules before participating, as we remove all comments which break the rules. By the end of World War II, the Nazis were in a lot of trouble. The essay is dated 7 August 1943. Eighth Army reaches the Mareth Line in Tunisia, 1st March 1943: Bomber Command revisit Berlin. Film has a solid plot yet has way to much Film Noir (not a fan) and in turn feels very 1960. It was more difficult to determine how they might react. What ultimately led to the Dutch surrender, despite being cut off from it's allies, was threats of heavy German bombing like what had occurred at Rotterdam and Warsaw. He had to find other ways to persuade Germans that the war was still winnable. One could even argue that the Wehrmacht's casualty totals after 1943 are in large part the result of the advantage of being on defense for the remainder of the war. Breadcrumb Trail Links. The statement that Germany inflicted greater casualties on all allied armies is dubious at best. Coming the the invasion of the Low countries and France in 1940, the Germans still were not totally unstoppable. They inflicted heavy casualties on the Germans but suffered massive injuries themselves. The Soviet army at the start of the war received more damage and losses than the German army, which retreated more smoothly and suffered significant losses equivalent to the Soviet only at the end of the war. Now mind you, this armored division had suffered severe casualties including almost half of its tanks. Repeatedly Polish, Dutch, Belgian, French, and British forces successfully counter-attacked, held strong on defense, or even overran German forces, but were repeatedly defeated due to air superiority, heavy attrition, or a planning or logistical failure. At the end of 1916, Robert Nivelle became Commander-in-Chief of the French Army. In fact, the initial attempt to overrun Warsaw failed, which resulted in a siege having to take place, which lasted til almost the very end of the actual Battle of Poland. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Error: please try again. Here, he suggests that morale can be of more importance than weapons. Overall, the Dutch army was able to retreat largely intact and maintain a relatively strong defensive line. The total killed in action slightly favors Germany but the total casualties including killed wounded and POW greatly favors the Allies. 187,000 Fren… US casualty figures put the number killed at about 190,000 with most of the rest POW and a few thousand actually unaccounted for (some of these were lost and wandering around France trying to make their way back to the German line others were killed by partisans and not reported). During WWII, 'Rumor Clinics' Were Set Up to Dispel Morale-Damaging Gossip Copy Link Facebook Twitter Reddit Flipboard Pocket Boston Herald assistant publisher W.G. - Private collection, Nicolas Mignon. The Bombing Campaign and the German Home Front. The Portal for Public History Also, according to comments in various post war publications in interviews with German military officials, Von Rundstedt was the most respected officer in all of the German military including the Navy and Luftwaffe, that is why Hitler rehired him several times after firing him. Verdun was closer than 10 miles (ca. By Nov. 1944 even before mass surrender of German Troops the Western Allies had killed approximately 320,000 German troops and held another 330,000 as POW. Large numbers of people have begun to compare 1943 with 1918, to ask whether the war has reached its turning point and to cast about for a third alternative open to the German people between Nazi victory and Russian vengeance. One-half of one percent (305,000) of Germans were killed by bombing and 1 percent (780,000) were injured. Fascinating archive of WWII propaganda posters shows how Britain boosted morale at home and abroad. Several Dutch attempts to counterattack and recross rivers were often initially successful, but failed due to poor exploitation or German counter-attack. Captured GIs often told accounts of German troops having high morale during the offensive. Almost one-third (22,000,000) of Germans were subject to night bombing by Bomber Command and day bombing by the USAAF. For the western front. News Germany: WW2 bomb forces hospital evacuation. Germany and the Soviet Union were actually much more balanced though still favoring Germany throughout the remaining years of the war.For US British and allied forces in Europe (Free French Free Polish etc.) 16 km) up the tortuous Meuse from the German lines. Would you also say that Germany had higher quality armor? The impact of the destruction was felt by both German soldiers and civilians alike: Of course, the impact of bombing was not confined to the home front, but began to affect military morale. The attack proved so successful, the Germans had to redirect a German division away from the push on Warsaw to counter the attack. For example in February 1940, Johannes Blaskowitz, German military commander for the eastern territories, complained about the SS policy of slaughtering some 10,000 Jews and Poles, which he believed would hurt Germany. by Crystal Ponti May 17, 2017 He was an odinance officer in the US 1st ArmDiv. Mussolini announced his decision—one bitterly opposed by his foreign minister, Galeazzo Ciano—to huge crowds across Italy on June 10. Such defeatist tendencies are not yet widespread, although there is now a general realisation that Germany can no longer expect to win a complete victory. Germany had ten panzer divisions in Normandy, including five from the Waffen SS. Large numbers of people have begun to compare 1943 with 1918, to ask whether the war has reached its turning point and to cast about for a third alternative open to the German people between Nazi victory and Russian vengeance. And I can assure you, that the history lessons in the schools can`t be further away from a “We lost” mentality. A reminder: Questions about the identification of items should be redirected to subreddits that are dedicated specifically for that task, such as /r/MilitariaCollecting. Thousands of people were evacuated from their homes as police set up a radius around the unexploded ordinance. 1 Signal Platoon. Across the front, thousands of soldiers refused to follow commands. Collaboration in Poland was less institutionalized than in some other countries, and has been described as marginal. After this he became one of the most celebrated WW2 generals. Disclaimer: The tokens included in this purchase allow for normal games of Battlegroup and those using the Fall of the Reich supplement. Music as morale During the Second World War, “music was a huge morale booster,” said Jonathan Vance, a Western University war historian and specialist on the 1939-45 home front. Reproduction WW2 K Ration Boxes, Mid to late war. Of particular interest were the attitudes of those in the military command, who might have yet be in a position to alter the course of the war. While yes, overall the Nazis did defeat Poland in less than a month, and overran France in less than two, you have to understand that it wasn't because they were "unstoppable", it was a combination of luck, poor planning and logistics by the Allies, as well as air superiority that allowed them to win overall, but at the same time, the Germans did take heavy casualties and did lose several engagements. This of course split Polish defenses causing them to abandon their initial defense plans. Most of their weapons factories and airfields had been destroyed by combined Allied bombing, and morale was very low. WWII Nazi German Bahnschutzpolizei Unterwachrmeister’s Shoulder Board Schulterstück Click image to view item details. The tone of German propaganda suggests that the authorities fear that defeatism may gain ground, and in order to counteract it they ar e finding it necessary to hold out hopes of an improvement in the military situation by next summer. From the British War Cabinet Minutes and Discussion Papers see TNA CAB 66/34/32, Your email address will not be published. As everyone knows, the Allies won World War II, and the Germans entered a long period of hardship, division, and recovery in the decades after the war. Strategic bombing was the major means by which the Allies were able to strike a direct blow at the morale of German civilians. I wouldn't call them vulnerable- throughout the entire war the German army inflicted more casualties than they took, on all the allied armies but the Russians especially. It was to be expected that they were growing uneasy about the war and where it was headed. This figure of 650,000 is roughly equivalent to the total losses of all western allied troops in North Africa, Italy and the Western Front by the end of the war. I was under the impression that the German military machine as a whole overextended itself - then suffered losses because of supply / manpower / air support problems. If one neglects the early Soviet casualties of 1941. Rate. But as a stunning collection of German women dressed to the nines in the 1950s and 1960s shows , the Allies also won the argument over whether lipstick, adornment and high fashion should be allowed, to the benefit of all. In World War II, the German military brothels were set up by the Third Reich throughout most of occupied Europe, for the use by their soldiers in the Wehrmacht and for the SS officers. French 87th Regiment near Verdun, 1916. One-fifth (20,000,000) of all … 'END OF THE WORLD': WW2 bombing commemorated in Dresden Back to video In a mission to destroy civilian morale even though the war was nearly over, British planes pounded Dresden with a lethal mix of explosive and incendiary bombs on the night of Feb. 13. A hospital in Bonn was forced to move hundreds of patients, including those seriously ill with the coronavirus, so the explosive could be defused. Press J to jump to the feed. British Intelligence was doing everything it could to monitor the state of German morale, picking up whatever it could from neutral foreign nationals who visited Germany, from interrogating prisoners of war and from critically examining Nazi propaganda messages. 6. Background: By summer 1943, Goebbels had trouble finding German victories to use in making propaganda. I'm guessing you're covering this part in your phrase about Hitler's unchecked leadership? Repeatedly Polish, Dutch, Belgian, French, and British forces successfully counter-attacked, held strong on defense, or even overran German forces, but were repeatedly defeated due to air superiority, heavy attrition, or a planning or logistical failure. This is not at all the appropriate venue for such comments. These establishments were sometimes set up via existing brothels which they took over in the West, but generally organized as new, especially in the East. The German assault on the Hague was a dismal failure and the Dutch overran and captured thousands of German paratroopers. The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration American G.I. Hollywood movies and popular U.S. television shows have for years contrasted confident, able and “cool” American GIs with slow-witted, cynical and cruel Germans. What was the morale of the German people after World War 1? 23rd February 1943: British intelligence analyses German morale. 23rd February 1943: British intelligence analyses German morale Generally speaking, German morale is passing through a much more critical stage than in any previous winter of the war. Continued failure to do so will result in a ban. From what I can tell it was primarily the job of mechanics and other recovery personell to remove remains from US tanks , Also chaplains and other rear echelon … For example the German casualty report from January 1945 lists 107,042 Killed 409,715 Missing/POW. During WWII, Allied forces used strategic bombing and radio propaganda to undermine German morale. 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